The Referential Process as a Common Factor Across Treatment Modalities

https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2013.86

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Abstract

The paper emphasizes the need for a process component in psychotherapy re-search, and the need for a theoretical framework within which process measures may be designed and validated. The referential process, defined in the context of multiple code theory, provides a general psychological framework for understand-ing the mechanisms of therapeutic change in different treatment modalities. The referential process includes three major phases: arousal/activation; narra-tive/symbolizing and reorganizing/reflection. The paper reviews the theoretical roots of psychodynamic treatments, and several forms of cognitive behavioral treatments, including schema therapy for borderline personality disorder and expo-sure treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder, and shows how the phases of the referential process provide common mechanisms of change in each of these ap-proaches. Computerized measures of the referential process, in English and Italian versions, which have been applied and validated in clinical and experimental studies, are discussed.

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Published
2013-08-17
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Articles
Keywords:
Change mechanisms, referential process, computerized measures
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How to Cite
Bucci, W. (2013). The Referential Process as a Common Factor Across Treatment Modalities. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 16(1), 16–23. https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2013.86

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