Dreaming during lockdown: a quali-quantitative analysis of the Italian population dreams during the first COVID-19 pandemic wave

https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2021.547

Authors

  • Lidia Borghi | lidia.borghi@unimi.it Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9581-9921
  • Federica Bonazza Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0258-1796
  • Giulia Lamiani Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1943-3282
  • Alessandro Musetti Dipartimento di Discipline Umanistiche, Sociali e delle Imprese culturali, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4125-0068
  • Tommaso Manari Dipartimento di Discipline Umanistiche, Sociali e delle Imprese culturali, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3657-3583
  • Maria Filosa Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy.
  • Maria C. Quattropani Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università di Messina, Messina, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0711-6412
  • Vittorio Lenzo Dipartimento di Scienze della Società e della Formazione d’Area Mediterranea, Università per Stranieri ‘Dante Alighieri’ di Reggio Calabria, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8391-5123
  • Maria Francesca Freda Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche, Università Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
  • Daniela Lemmo Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche, Università Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
  • Emanuela Saita Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università Cattolica di Milano, Milano, Italy.
  • Roberto Cattivelli Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università Cattolica di Milano, Milano; Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Laboratorio di Ricerca Psicologica, Milano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5995-5456
  • Gianluca Castelnuovo Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università Cattolica di Milano, Milano; Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Laboratorio di Ricerca Psicologica, Milano, Italy.
  • Elena Vegni Psicologia Clinica, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4785-5837
  • Christian Franceschini Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9307-5209

Abstract

This study aims to explore the emotional experiences related to the lockdown during the first pandemic wave, analysing the dreams of the Italian population. Through an online survey spread throughout the country, participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), the Resilience Scale (RS) and were asked to narrate a dream they had during the lockdown. The dreams were qualitatively analysed through the thematic content analysis. Logistic regression analyses were then conducted to verify the relationship among the categories that emerged and between these categories and the DASS-21 and RS scores. In the dreams 8 categories were identified (Places, Characters, Relationships, Actions, Danger, Death, Processes, and Emotions) composed of specific sub-categories, which seem to compose a sort of narrative structure of the dream. Some sub-categories were found to be predictor of depression and resilience or with exposure to COVID-19. Dreams can be a valid tool both to understand the experiences of the population during the pandemic and to evaluate those at risk of developing distress in clinical practice.

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Published
2021-08-24
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Special Section: Working on dreams, from psychotherapy to neuroscience
Keywords:
Dreams, COVID-19, mental health, distress, general population.
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How to Cite
Borghi, L., Bonazza, F., Lamiani, G., Musetti, A., Manari, T., Filosa, M., Quattropani, M. C., Lenzo, V., Freda, M. F., Lemmo, D., Saita, E., Cattivelli, R., Castelnuovo, G., Vegni, E. ., & Franceschini, C. . (2021). Dreaming during lockdown: a quali-quantitative analysis of the Italian population dreams during the first COVID-19 pandemic wave. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 24(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2021.547

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