Italia Ti Ascolto [Italy, I am listening]: an app-based group psychological intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract

The onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted individuals’ psychological wellbeing resulting in heightened perceived stress, anxiety, and depression. However, a significant issue in accessing psychological care during a lockdown is the lack of access to in-person interventions. In this regard, research has shown the efficacy and utility of psychological app-based interventions. ‘Italia Ti Ascolto’ (ITA) has been developed as a population tailored internet-based intervention to offer an online professional solution for psychological support needs. The ITA app is available on iOS and Android systems. Users completed a baseline assessment on emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), psychological stress, anxiety, depression, and perceived social support. Participants could select among several one-hour long clinical groups held by expert psychotherapists. After every session, people were asked to complete a quick users’ satisfaction survey. Our contribution presents ITA’s intervention protocol and discusses preliminary data on psychological variables collected at baseline. Data showed significant associations between emotion regulation strategies, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and level of stress. Moreover, the role of perceived social support is considered. Future developments and implications for clinical practice and treatment are discussed.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agyapong, V. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: health system and community response to a text message (Text4Hope) program supporting mental health in Alberta. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14(5), E5-E6. http://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.114

Balzarotti, S., John, O. P., & Gross, J. J. (2010). An Italian adaptation of the emotion regulation questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26(1), pp. 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000009

Banbury, A., Nancarrow, S., Dart, J., Gray, L., & Parkinson, L. (2018). Telehealth interventions delivering home-based support group videoconferencing: systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(2), e25. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.8090

Bareket-Bojmel, L., Shahar, G., & Margalit, M. (2020). COVID-19-related economic anxiety is as high as health anxiety: findings from the USA, the UK, and Israel. International journal of cognitive therapy, 1-9. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41811-020-00078-3

Ben-Zeev, D., Buck, B., Meller, S., Hudenko, W. J., & Hallgren, K. A. (2020). Augmenting evidence-based care with a texting mobile interventionist: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Psychiatric Services, 71(12), 1218-1224. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.202000239

Benzi, I., Di Pierro, R., De Carli, P., Cristea, I. A., & Cipresso, P. (2020). All the faces of research on borderline personality pathology: drawing future trajectories through a network and cluster analysis of the literature. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies, 20(2). http://doi.org/10.24193/jebp.2020.2.9

Benzi, I. M. A., Fontana, A., Di Pierro, R., Perugini, M., Cipresso, P., Madeddu, F., Clarkin, J. F., & Preti, E. (2021). Assessment of personality functioning in adolescence: development of the adolescent personality structure questionnaire. Assessment. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191120988157

Benzi, I. M. A., Milesi, A., Parolin, L. A. L. (2021). Unconscious in Psychology. In: Glăveanu V.P. (Eds). The Palgrave Encyclopedia of the Possible. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98390-5_162-1

Benzi, I. M., Preti, E., Di Pierro, R., Clarkin, J. F., & Madeddu, F. (2019). Maladaptive personality traits and psychological distress in adolescence: The moderating role of personality functioning. Personality and Individual Differences, 140, 33-40. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.06.026

Benzi, I., Sarno, I., & Di Pierro, R. (2018). Maladaptive personality functioning and non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 15(4), 215–221. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-59965-004

Borsci, S., Federici, S., & Lauriola, M. (2009). On the dimensionality of the System Usability Scale: a test of alternative measurement models. Cognitive processing, 10(3), 193-197. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-009-0268-9

Bottesi, G., Ghisi, M., Altoè, G., Conforti, E., Melli, G., Sica, C. (2015). The Italian version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21: Factor structure and psychometric properties on community and clinical samples. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 60, 170-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.04.005

Brooke, J. (1996). SUS: a quick and dirty usability scale. In P. W. Jordan, B. Thomas, B. A. Weerdmeester, A. L. McClelland (Eds.) Usability Evaluation in Industry. London: Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931213571043

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet (London, England), 395(10227), 912-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8

Burger, F., Neerincx, M. A., & Brinkman, W. P. (2020). Technological state of the art of electronic mental health interventions for major depressive disorder: Systematic literature review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(1), e12599. http://doi.org/10.2196/12599

Butler, E. A., Egloff, B., Wilhelm, F. H., Smith, N. C., Erikson, E. A., & Gross, J. J. (2003). The social consequences of expressive suppression. Emotion, 3, 48-67. https://doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.3.1.48

Chakrabarti, S. (2015). Usefulness of telepsychiatry: A critical evaluation of videoconferencing- based approaches. World journal of psychiatry, 5(3), 286–304. https://dx.doi.org/10.5498%2Fwjp.v5.i3.286

Cheng, P., Casement, M. D., Kalmbach, D. A., Castelan, A. C., & Drake, C. L. (2020). Digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia promotes later health resilience during the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. Sleep. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa258

Chevallard, G., Veronese, G., Giudici, R., Pressato, L., Pozzi F., Compagnone, C., Fossi, F., Bernasconi, F., Curto, F., Zaniboni, M., Bassi, G., Chiara, O., Fumagalli, R., & Chieregato, A. (2020). Facing increased suicide attempts during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: the experience from the major trauma center in Lombardy, Italy. Minerva Anestesiologica. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0375-9393.20.14970-8

Chukwuorji, J. C., Uzuegbu, C. N., Chukwu, C. V., Ifeagwazi, C. M., & Ugwu, C. (2020). Social support serves emotion regulation function in death anxiety among people living with HIV/AIDS. South African Journal of Psychology, 50(3), 395-410. https://doi.org/10.1177/0081246319894700

Cluver, L., Lachman, J. M., Sherr, L., Wessels, I., Krug, E., Rakotomalala, S., Blight, S., Hillis, S., Bachman, G., Green, O., Butchart, A., Tomlinson, M., Ward, C. L., Doubt, J., & McDonald, K. (2020). Parenting in a time of COVID-19. Lancet (London, England), 395(10231), e64. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30736-4

Cutuli, D. (2014). Cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression strategies role in the emotion regulation: an overview on their modulatory effects and neural correlates. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 8, 175. http://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00175

da Silva, J. A., Siegmund, G., Bredemeier, J. (2015). Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 37(4), 171-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2014-0026

De Carli, P., Tagini, A., Sarracino, D., Santona, A., & Parolin, L. (2016). Implicit attitude toward caregiving: the moderating role of adult attachment styles. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1906. http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01906

De Carli, P., Costantini, I., Sessa, P., Visentin, S., Pearson, R. M., & Simonelli, A. (2019). The expectant social mind: A systematic review of face processing during pregnancy and the effect of depression and anxiety. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.04.013

Di Fabio, A., & Palazzeschi, L. (2015). Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS): un contributo alla validazione italiana [Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS): A contribution to Italian validation]. Counseling: Giornale Italiano di Ricerca e Applicazioni, 8(3), 127-140.

Di Pierro, R., Gargiulo, I., Poggi, A., Madeddu, F., & Preti, E. (2020). The level of personality functioning scale applied to clinical material from the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO): utility in detecting personality pathology. Journal of Personality Disorders, 1-15. http://doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2020_34_472

Duan, L., & Zhu, G. (2020). Psychological interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet Psychiatry. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30073-0

Felder, J. N., Epel, E. S., Neuhaus, J., Krystal, A. D., & Prather, A. A. (2020). Efficacy of digital cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of insomnia symptoms among pregnant women: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(5), 484-492. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4491

Forsell, E., Bendix, M., Holländare, F., von Schultz, B. S., Nasiell, J., Blomdahl-Wetterholm, M., ... & Kaldo, V. (2017). Internet delivered cognitive behavior therapy for antenatal depression: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 221, 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.06.013

Henry, J. D., & Crawford, J. R. (2005). The short-form version of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS-21): Construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(2), 227-239. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466505X29657

Gao, J., Zheng, P., Jia, Y., Chen, H., Mao, Y., Chen, S., Wang Y., Fu, H., Dai, J. (2020). Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. PLoS One, 15(4), e0231924. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231924

Gili, M., Castro, A., García-Palacios, A., Garcia-Campayo, J., Mayoral-Cleries, F., Botella, C., ... & Baños, R. M. (2020). Efficacy of three low-intensity, internet-based psychological interventions for the treatment of depression in primary care: randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6), e15845. http://doi.org/10.2196/15845

Gladstone, T., Buchholz, K. R., Fitzgibbon, M., Schiffer, L., Lee, M., & Voorhees, B. (2020). Randomized clinical trial of an internet-based adolescent depression prevention intervention in primary care: internalizing symptom outcomes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 7736. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217736

Gong, X., Xie, X., Xu, R., & Yuejia, L. (2010). Psychometric properties of the Chinese versions of DASS-21 in Chinese college students. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 18, 443-446. http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00247

Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: implications for affect, relationships, and wellbeing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348-362. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348

Hallgren, M., Kraepelien, M., Lindefors, N., Zeebari, Z., Kaldo, V., & Forsell, Y. (2015). Physical exercise and internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy in the treatment of depression: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(3), 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.114.160101

Jiang, L. C., Yan, Y. J., Jin, Z. S., Hu, M. L., Wang, L., Song, Y., Li, N. N., Su, J., Wu, D. X., & Xiao, T. (2020). The depression anxiety stress scale-21 in Chinese hospital workers: reliability, latent structure, and measurement invariance across genders. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 247. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00247

Joormann, J., & Gotlib, I. H. (2010). Emotion regulation in depression: relation to cognitive inhibition. Cognition and Emotion, 24, 281-298. http://doi.org/10.1080/02699930903407948

Kang, L., Ma, S., Chen, M., Yang, J., Wang, Y., Li, R., Yao, L., Bai, H., Cai, Z., Xiang Yang, B., Hu, S., Zhang, K., Wang, G., Ma, C., & Liu, Z. (2020). Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: A cross-sectional study. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87, 11-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.028

Kladnitski, N., Smith, J., Uppal, S., James, M. A., Allen, A. R., Andrews, G., & Newby, J. M. (2020). Transdiagnostic internet-delivered CBT and mindfulness-based treatment for depression and anxiety: A randomised controlled trial. Internet Interventions, 20, 100310. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100310

Kubo, A., Kurtovich, E., McGinnis, M., Aghaee, S., Altschuler, A., Quesenberry Jr, C., ... & Avins, A. (2020). Pilot pragmatic randomized trial of mHealth mindfulness‐based intervention for advanced cancer patients and their informal caregivers. Psycho‐Oncology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534735419850634

Lindegaard, T., Hesslow, T., Nilsson, M., Johansson, R., Carlbring, P., Lilliengreen, P., Andersson, G. (2020). Internet-based psychodynamic therapy vs cognitive behavioural therapy for social anxiety disorder: A preference study. Internet Interventions, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100316

Lis, A., Parolin, L., Calvo, V., Zennaro, A., & Meyer, G. (2007). The impact of administration and inquiry on Rorschach Comprehensive System protocols in a national reference sample. Journal of Personality Assessment, 89(S1), S193-S200. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223890701583614

Liu, S., Yang, L., Zhang, C., Xiang, Y. T., Liu, Z., Hu, S., & Zhang, B. (2020). Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry. 7(4), E17-E18, April 01, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30077-8

Loades, M. E., Chatburn, E., Higson-Sweeney, N., Reynolds, S., Shafran, R., Brigden, A., Linney, C., McManus, M. N., Borwick, C., & Crawley, E. (2020). Rapid systematic review: the impact of social isolation and loneliness on the mental health of children and adolescents in the context of COVID-19. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 59(11), 1218-1239.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.05.009

Lopez, R., Evangelista, E., Barateau, L., Chenini, S., Bosco, A., Billiard, M., ... & Dauvilliers, Y. (2019). French language online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Neurology, 10, 1273. http://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.01273

Lovibond, P. F., & Lovibond, S. H. (1995). The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33(3), 335-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-u

Luo, M., Guo, L., Yu, M., Jiang, W., & Wang, H. (2020). The psychological and mental impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on medical staff and general public - A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 291, 113190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113190

Marziali, E., Damianakis, T., & Donahue, P. (2006) Internet-based clinical services: virtual support groups for family caregivers. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 24, 2-3, 39-54. https://doi.org/10.1300/J017v24n02_03

Matiz, A., Fabbro, F., Paschetto, A., Cantone, D., Paolone, A. R., & Crescentini, C. (2020). Positive impact of mindfulness meditation on mental health of female teachers during the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6450. http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186450

Mazza, C., Ricci, E., Biondi, S., Colasanti, M., Ferracuti, S., Napoli, C., & Roma, P. (2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among italian people during the COVID-19 pandemic: Immediate psychological responses and associated factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), 3165. http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093165

Miller, C. B., Gu, J., Henry, A. L., Davis, M. L., Espie, C. A., Stott, R., ... & Carl, J. R. (2021). Feasibility and efficacy of a digital CBT intervention for symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A randomized multiple-baseline study. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 70, 101609. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2020.101609.

Miralles, I., Granell, C., Díaz-Sanahuja, L., Van Woensel, W., Bretón-López, J., Mira, A., Castilla, D., & Casteleyn, S. (2020). Smartphone apps for the treatment of mental disorders: systematic review. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 8(4), e14897. https://doi.org/10.2196/14897.

Neria, Y., Sullivan, G. M. (2011). Understanding the mental health effects of indirect exposure to mass trauma through the media. JAMA, 306(12), 1374-1375. http://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2011.1358

Nissen, E. R., O’Connor, M., Kaldo, V., Højris, I., Borre, M., Zachariae, R., & Mehlsen, M. (2020). Internet‐delivered mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy for anxiety and depression in cancer survivors: A randomized controlled trial. Psycho‐oncology, 29(1), 68-75. http://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5237

Percudani, M., Corradin, M., Moreno, M., Indelicato, A., & Vita, A. (2020). Mental Health Services in Lombardy during COVID-19 outbreak. Psychiatry Research, 288, 112980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112980

Petzold, M. B., Bendau, A., Plag, J., Pyrkosch, L., Mascarell Maricic, L., Betzler, F., Rogoll, J., Große, J., & Ströhle, A. (2020). Risk, resilience, psychological distress, and anxiety at the beginning of the COVID‐19 pandemic in Germany. Brain and Behavior, 10(9), e01745. https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1745

Pizzoli, S. F. M., Marzorati, C., Mazzoni, D., & Pravettoni, G. (2020). Web-based relaxation intervention for stress during social isolation: randomized controlled trial. JMIR Mental Health, 7(12), e22757. http://doi.org/10.2196/22757

Preece, D. A., Becerra, R., Robinson, K., & Gross, J. J. (2020). The emotion regulation questionnaire: psychometric properties in general community samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 102(3), 348-356. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2018.1564319

Preti, E., Di Mattei, V., Perego, G., Ferrari, F., Mazzetti, M., Taranto, P., Di Pierro, R., Madeddu, F., & Calati, R. (2020). The psychological impact of epidemic and pandemic outbreaks on healthcare workers: rapid review of the evidence. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22(8), 43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-020-01166-z

Preti, E., Di Pierro, R., Fanti, E., Madeddu, F., & Calati, R. (2020). Personality disorders in time of pandemic. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22(12), 80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-020-01204-w

Preti, E., Prunas, A., De Panfilis, C., Marchesi, C., Madeddu, F., & Clarkin, J. F. (2015). The facets of identity: Personality pathology assessment through the Inventory of Personality Organization. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 6(2), 129-140. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000119

Qiu, J., Shen, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Z., Xie, B., & Xu, Y. (2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. General Psychiatry, 33(2), e100213. https://doi.org/10.1136/gpsych-2020-100213

Querstret, D., Cropley, M., & Fife-Schaw, C. (2018). The effects of an online mindfulness intervention on perceived stress, depression and anxiety in a non-clinical sample: a randomised waitlist control trial. Mindfulness, 9(6), 1825-1836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0925-0

Rapisarda, F., Vallarino, M., Cavallini, E., Barbato, A., Brousseau-Paradis, C., De Benedictis, L., & Lesage, A. (2020). The early impact of the Covid-19 emergency on mental health workers: a survey in Lombardy, Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(22), 8615. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228615

Räsänen, P., Lappalainen, P., Muotka, J., Tolvanen, A., & Lappalainen, R. (2016). An online guided ACT intervention for enhancing the psychological wellbeing of university students: A randomized controlled clinical trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 78, 30-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2016.01.001

Richardson, L. K., Christopher Frueh, B., Grubaugh, A. L., Egede, L., & Elhai, J. D. (2009). Current directions in videoconferencing tele‐mental health research. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 16(3), 323-338. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2850.2009.01170.x

Ritvo, P., Ahmad, F., El Morr, C., Pirbaglou, M., & Moineddin, R. (2020). Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based intervention for student depression, anxiety and stress: observations on a disrupted campus. JMIR Mental Health. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/10.2196/23491

Romero, C.S., Delgado, C., Català, J., Ferrer, C., Errando, C., Iftimi, A., Benito, A., de Andrés, J., Otero, M., & the PSIMCOV Group. (2020). COVID-19 psychological impact in 3109 healthcare workers in Spain: The PSIMCOV group. Psychological Medicine, 1-7. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720001671

Saulsberry, A., Marko-Holguin, M., Blomeke, K., Hinkle, C., Fogel, J., Gladstone, T., Bell, C., Reinecke, M., Corden, M., & Van Voorhees, B. W. (2013). Randomized clinical trial of a primary care internet-based intervention to prevent adolescent depression: one-year outcomes. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 22(2), 106-117.

Schleider, J. L., Dobias, M., Sung, J., Mumper, E., & Mullarkey, M. C. (2020). Acceptability and Utility of an Open-Access, Online Single-Session Intervention Platform for Adolescent Mental Health. JMIR Mental Health, 7(6), e20513. https://doi.org/10.2196/20513

Schure, M., McCrory, B., Franklin, K. T., Greist, J., & Weissman, R. S. (2020). Twelve-month follow-up to a fully automated internet-based cognitive behavior therapy intervention for rural adults with depression symptoms: single-arm longitudinal study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(10), e21336. http://doi.org/10.2196/21336

Segal, Z. V., Dimidjian, S., Beck, A., Boggs, J. M., Vanderkruik, R., Metcalf, C. A., ... & Levy, J. (2020). Outcomes of online mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with residual depressive symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(6), 563-573. http://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.4693

Shahsavan, F., Akbari, N., Gharraee, B., Abolghasemi, J. & Khedmat, L. (2020). The effect of internet‐based guided self‐help cognitive‐behavioral therapies on Iranian women’ psychological symptoms and preferred method of childbirth. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12535.

Shankland, R., Tessier, D., Strub, L., Gauchet, A., & Baeyens, C. (2020). Improving mental health and well‐being through informal mindfulness practices: an intervention study. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12216

Soklaridis, S., Lin, E., Lalani, Y., Rodak, T., Sockalingam, S. (2020) Mental health interventions and supports during COVID-19 and other medical pandemics: A rapid systematic review of the evidence. General Hospital Psychiatry, 66, p. 133-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.08.007

Srivastava, S., Tamir, M., McGonigal, K. M., John, O. P., & Gross, J. J. (2009). The social costs of emotional suppression: A prospective study of the transition to college. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(4), 883-897. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014755

Stein, M. B. (2020) Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): psychiatric illness. In: UpToDate, Post TW (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA.

Stroebe, M., & Schut, H. (2020). Bereavement in times of COVID-19: a review and theoretical framework. Omega, 30222820966928. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/0030222820966928

Tan, B., Chew, N., Lee, G., Jing, M., Goh, Y., Yeo, L., Zhang, K., Chin, H. K., Ahmad, A., Khan, F. A., Shanmugam, G. N., Chan, B., Sunny, S., Chandra, B., Ong, J., Paliwal, P. R., Wong, L., Sagayanathan, R., Chen, J. T., Ng, A., … Sharma, V. K. (2020). Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Care Workers in Singapore. Annals of Internal Medicine, 173(4), 317-320. https://doi.org/10.7326/M20-1083

Taquet, M., Luciano, S., Geddes, J. R., Harrison, P. J. (2020). Bidirectional associations between COVID-19 and psychiatric disorder: retrospective cohort studies of 62 354 COVID-19 cases in the USA, The Lancet Psychiatry. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30462-4.

Taylor, C., Graham, A. K., Flatt, R. E., Waldherr, K., & Fitzsimmons-Craft, E. E. (2020). Current state of scientific evidence on Internet-based interventions for the treatment of depression, anxiety, eating disorders and substance abuse: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. European Journal of Public Health, ckz208. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz208

Wagner, B., Rosenberg, N., Hofmann, L., & Maass, U. (2020). Web-based bereavement care: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 525. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00525

Wahlund, T., Jolstedt, M., Andersson, E., Vigerland, S., Perrin, S., Öst, L. G., Högström, J., & Serlachius, E. (2020). Online cognitive behavior therapy for adolescents with excessive worry: a multiple baseline design feasibility study. mHealth, 6, 5. https://doi.org/10.21037/mhealth.2019.09.10

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020a). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051729

Wang, H., Zhao, Q., Mu, W., Rodriguez, M., Qian, M., & Berger, T. (2020b). The Effect of Shame on Patients With Social Anxiety Disorder in Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health, 7(7), e15797. http://doi.org/10.2196/15797

Wei, N., Huang, B. C., Lu, S. J., Hu, J. B., Zhou, X. Y., Hu, C. C., Chen, J. K., Huang, J. W., Li, S. G., Wang, Z., Wang, D. D., Xu, Y., & Hu, S. H. (2020). Efficacy of internet-based integrated intervention on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients with COVID-19. Journal of Zhejiang University, Science, B, 21(5), 400-404. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B2010013

Xiao, C., 2020. A novel approach of consultation on 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19)-related psychological and mental problems: structured letter therapy. Psychiatry Investig 17, 175-176. https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2020.0047

Yao, H., Chen, J.-H., Xu, Y.-F. (2020). Patients with mental health disorders in the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet Psychiatry 7, e21. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30090-0

Zhang, J., Wu, W., Zhao, X., & Zhang, W. (2020). Recommended psychological crisis intervention response to the 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in China: a model of West China Hospital. Precision Clinical Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcmedi/pbaa006

Zhang, M., & Smith, H. E. (2020). Digital tools to ameliorate psychological symptoms associated with COVID-19: scoping review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(8), e19706. https://doi.org/10.2196/19706

Zhou, L., Xie, R., Yang, X., Zhang, S., Li, D., Zhang, Y., Liu, J., Pakhale, S., Krewski, D., & Wen, S. W. (2020). Feasibility and preliminary results of effectiveness of social media-based intervention on the psychological well-being of suspected COVID-19 cases during quarantine. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 65(10), 736-738. https://doi.org/10.1177/0706743720932041

Zhu, Y., Chen, L., Ji, H., Xi, M., Fang, Y., & Li, Y., (2020). The risk and prevention of novel coronavirus pneumonia infections among inpatients in psychiatric hospitals. Neuroscience Bulletin 36, 299-302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12264-020-00476-9

Zimet, G. D., Powell, S. S., Farley, G. K., Werkman, S., & Berkoff, K. A. (1990). Psychometric characteristics of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55(3-4), 610-617. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.1990.9674095

Published
2021-03-29
Info
Issue
Section
Special section COVID-19
Keywords:
COVID-19, E-mental health, online psychological interventions, groups.
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 8011

  • PDF: 106
  • HTML: 0
How to Cite
Parolin, L. A. L., Benzi, I. M. A., Fanti, E., Milesi, A., Cipresso, P., & Preti, E. (2021). Italia Ti Ascolto [Italy, I am listening]: an app-based group psychological intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2021.517