Italian adaptation of the brief modified experiences in close relationships scale in a sample of cancer patients: factor analysis and clinical implications

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Davide Ghirardello
Jacopo Munari *
Silvia Testa
Riccardo Torta
Fabio Veglia
Cristina Civilotti
(*) Corresponding Author:
Jacopo Munari |


The current study presents and evaluates the factor structure of the Italian adaptation of the Brief Modified Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR-M16), a self-report measure of the state of mind towards attachment with reference to close others. The questionnaire was administered to cancer outpatients, as in the original research. The number of factors to be extracted was calculated via Parallel Analysis. Subsequently, an Exploratory Factor Analysis was run to calculate the first order factor structure, which was compared to the original one via Procrustes Rotation and Tucker's Coefficient. Finally, a second-order factor structure was calculated by factor-analyzing the first-order factor-scores. The Italian adaptation of the ECR-M16 is characterized by a first-order factor structure composed by four factors, as the original one. The degree of similarity between the two ranged between fair and not-similar. The second-order factor structure is composed by two higher order dimensions as in the original study. Although partially similar, the two second-order factor structures show relevant differences. A clinically-oriented discussion centered on the similarities and differences between the two factor-structures is provided, along with indications for future studies.

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