The Italian version of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire: psychometric properties and validation in students, community, and clinical groups

  • Giorgio Falgares | giorgio.falgares@unipa.it Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.
  • Sandro De Santis Local Health Unit, Trento Province, .
  • Salvatore Gullo Faculty of Psychology, University N. Cusano of Rome, Italy.
  • Danilo Carrozzino Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
  • Daniela Marchetti Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
  • Maria Cristina Verrocchio Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, University G. d’Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
  • Gianluca Lo Coco Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.
  • Daniel Kopala-Sibley Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, United States.
  • Osmano Oasi Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

The current study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Italian validation of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ), conceived as a measure of self-criticism and dependency, i.e. two personality factors acting, according to Blatt (2004), as risk factors for depression in particular and psychopathology in general. A series of standardized measures [Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), DEQ, Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, 3rd edition (MCMI-III)] was administered to three samples (i.e., students, community and clinical). Factorial validity was evaluated along with convergent and predictive validity. In order to evaluate the reliability and internal consistency, a specific subgroup of participants was retested on the DEQ and BDI-II. Results showed correlations between DEQ dimensions and some personality traits of the MCMI-III. The traditional three-factor model of the DEQ structure as identified by principal component analysis appears to be as stable factors as typically found in American samples, although some items showed elevated cross-loading or low loadings on any factor. Clinical and diagnostic implications of the findings will be discussed.

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Published
2017-04-13
Keywords:
Depressive Experiences Questionnaire, Italian validation, Personality
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How to Cite
Falgares, G., De Santis, S., Gullo, S., Carrozzino, D., Marchetti, D., Verrocchio, M. C., Lo Coco, G., Kopala-Sibley, D., & Oasi, O. (2017). The Italian version of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire: psychometric properties and validation in students, community, and clinical groups. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/ripppo.2017.227